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Fire Extinguishers

Emergency Lights

Fire Extinguishers

How often do fire extinguishers need to be inspected?

Fire extinguishers are required by NFPA 10 (National Fire Protection Association) to be inspected once a month. The annual inspection is more robust and is required to be done by a licensed professional. Both the extinguisher firm and the technician must have a license to do the annual inspection and place a certification tag on it.

Who can inspect fire extinguishers?

The annual inspection is more robust than the monthly inspections and is required to be done by a licensed professional. Both the firm and the technician must have a license to do the annual inspection and place a tag on it. The monthly inspection can be done by a trained, but not necessarily licensed professional. If the monthly inspection isn’t done by a licensed professional, make sure the inspector is trained on NFPA 10 (National Fire Protection Association) standards and inspected according to the standard.

What is an ABC fire extinguisher?

An ABC fire extinguisher is a type of portable fire extinguisher that is designed to handle 3 different classes of fires. The “ABC” designation refers to the types of fires it can effectively extinguish.

  • Class A Fires: These fires involve common combustible materials such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber, and certain plastics. Class A fires are extinguished by cooling the material and removing the heat source.
  • Class B Fires: These fires involve flammable liquids such as gasoline, oil, grease, solvents, and certain gases. Class B fires are extinguished by inhibiting the chemical reaction of the fuel and suppressing the flames.
  • Class C Fires: These fires involve energized electrical equipment, such as electrical panels, motors, appliances, and wiring. Class C fires are extinguished by shutting off the electrical power supply and smothering the flames.

ABC fire extinguishers typically use a dry chemical agent as the extinguishing agent. The most common dry chemical agent used is monoammonium phosphate, which is a yellow powder. This powder is effective in suppressing and extinguishing fires by forming a barrier that separates the fuel from the oxygen, thus preventing the fire from reigniting.

ABC fire extinguishers are versatile and widely used in homes, offices, commercial buildings, and vehicles because they can handle a variety of fire types. It’s important to note that while ABC fire extinguishers are effective for most common fires, they may not be suitable for certain specialized situations, such as fires involving cooking oils (Class K fires) or combustible metals (Class D fires). For those specific hazards, specialized extinguishers are required.

Can you explain how to use a fire extinguisher?

It’s simple! Use the PASS method:

  1. Pull the pin.
  2. Aim the hose.
  3. Squeeze the handle.
  4. Sweep side to side.

What’s included in annual maintenance?

The annual service on a fire extinguisher involves a thorough inspection to ensure that the extinguisher is in good working condition and ready for use in the event of a fire. Here are the general steps involved in an annual service:

1. Visual Inspection

Examine the fire extinguisher for any visible signs of damage, such as dents, leaks, or corrosion. Check the pressure gauge to ensure it is within the acceptable range.

2. Verification of Accessibility

Ensure that the fire extinguisher is easily accessible and not obstructed by any objects or obstructions.

3. Tamper Seals Assessment

Check the tamper seals or safety pins to ensure they are intact. If any seals are broken or pins are missing, investigate the cause and take appropriate action.

4. Weight Check

Weigh the extinguisher to verify that it still contains the proper amount of extinguishing agent. Compare the weight to the weight specified on the manufacturer’s label.

5. Pressure Test

Ensure the pressure of the extinguisher is within the recommended range. This can be done using the pressure gauge or other suitable equipment.

6. Inspection of Components

Inspect the hose, nozzle, handle, and other components of the extinguisher to ensure they are in good condition and functioning properly. Replace any damaged or worn-out parts as needed.

7. Clean and Wipe

Clean the exterior of the fire extinguisher to remove any dirt or debris. Wipe off any residue or dust that may have accumulated on the surface.

8. Tagging and Documentation

Attach an annual maintenance tag or label to the extinguisher, indicating the date of the service, the technician’s name or ID, and any other relevant information. Keep detailed records of the service performed.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements for annual service may vary depending on local regulations, fire codes, and the type of fire extinguisher. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and consult with a qualified fire safety professional to ensure compliance and proper maintenance of your fire extinguishers.

What is included in the 6-year fire extinguisher maintenance service?

1. Inspection

We begin by visually inspecting the fire extinguisher for any obvious signs of damage or wear, such as dents, leaks, or corrosion. We also check the pressure gauge to ensure it is in the proper operating range.

2. Discharge Test

We discharge the fire extinguisher to verify that it functions correctly. This involves emptying the contents of the extinguisher in a controlled environment.

3. Internal Examination

After the discharge test, we’ll remove the head or valve assembly from the extinguisher and inspect the inside of the cylinder for signs of damage or residue buildup. We also check for any obstructions or foreign objects.

4. Valve Maintenance

We inspect the valve assembly for any signs of damage or wear. After cleaning the valve components and replacing any worn-out parts, we’ll ensure the valve operates smoothly.

5. Cylinder Maintenance

If the cylinder shows signs of corrosion or damage, it may need to be hydrostatically tested. This involves subjecting the cylinder to high-pressure water to check its integrity. If the cylinder passes the test, we’ll refill it. Otherwise, it may need to be replaced.

6. Recharging

If the cylinder passes the hydrostatic test or does not require testing, we’ll refill it with the appropriate fire extinguishing agent according to the manufacturer’s instructions and ensure it is properly pressurized.

7. Reassembly

We’ll reinstall the valve assembly onto the cylinder, making sure it is securely fastened. After checking all connections for leaks, we’ll ensure the pressure gauge indicates the correct pressure.

8. Tagging and Documentation

Finally, we’ll attach a maintenance tag or label to the fire extinguisher, indicating the date of the maintenance, the technician’s name or ID, and any other relevant information. For future reference, we’ll maintain detailed records of the maintenance performed for future reference.

Emergency Lights

Can you repair my e-lights?

Yes! We have over a dozen trained technicians that are skilled at diagnosing what type of repair is needed and completing the repair.

What are the different kinds of e-lights?

Several different types of emergency lights are commonly used in buildings and facilities. The specific types of emergency lights can vary based on their intended purpose, installation location, and applicable building codes. Here are some of the most common types:

Exit Signs

Exit signs are an essential type of emergency lighting used to indicate the location of exits and evacuation routes. They are typically illuminated by either internally mounted light sources or external light fixtures. Exit signs can be either self-illuminated, using tritium or other light sources that do not require external power, or electrically powered with battery backup.

Emergency Lighting Units

These are standalone fixtures designed to provide illumination in case of a power failure or emergency situation. Emergency lighting units are typically mounted on walls or ceilings and contain built-in batteries that activate when the main power supply is interrupted. They are commonly used to provide general lighting in corridors, stairwells, and other areas of egress.

Remote Heads

Remote heads are auxiliary lighting units that are typically connected to an emergency lighting unit or an exit sign. They are used to increase the coverage and visibility of emergency lighting in specific areas. Remote heads are often installed in locations where additional lighting is required, such as at the ends of long corridors or at branching points in escape routes.

How often should emergency lighting be tested?

The frequency of testing emergency lights can vary depending on local regulations and specific requirements. Below are the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code requirements:

Monthly Testing

This involves activating the lights for 30 seconds to ensure they turn on and provide adequate illumination.

Annual Testing

A more comprehensive annual test is mandated by the NFPA and local fire inspector where the emergency lights are tested for 90 minutes. The inspector checks to make sure the light will burn for 90 minutes, the bulbs stay bright for the entire time, and that the light heads are pointed in the correct direction.

Battery Replacement

The batteries in emergency lights have a limited lifespan. Depending on the type of battery used, they may need to be replaced every 3 to 5 years, or as recommended by the manufacturer. Regularly check the battery status and replace them when they reach the end of their useful life.

It’s important to note that these testing frequencies are general recommendations, and you should always refer to the specific guidelines provided by local regulations, building codes, and the manufacturer’s instructions for your particular emergency lighting system. Additionally, it is advisable to keep a log or documentation of all maintenance and testing activities performed on emergency lights for compliance and reference purposes.

What is the difference between monthly and annual inspections?

The biggest difference is how long the emergency lighting fixture is tested for. The annual inspection requires the emergency fixture to be tested for 90 minutes. The monthly inspection requires the emergency light fixture to be tested for 30 seconds.

Who sets the light inspection requirements?

NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) sets the emergency lighting inspection requirements and the local jurisdiction enforces their requirements.

What are emergency lighting code requirements?

Emergency lighting code requirements can vary depending on the country, region, and local jurisdiction. Here are some common elements that are likely included in emergency lighting code requirements:

Illumination Standards

Emergency lighting codes specify the minimum illumination levels that emergency lights must provide in various areas, such as corridors, stairwells, exits, and other designated emergency egress routes. These standards ensure that occupants can safely navigate and evacuate the building during a power outage or emergency situation.

Backup Power Duration

Codes typically require emergency lighting systems to have a backup power source, such as batteries or generators. The codes may specify the minimum duration that the emergency lights must remain illuminated during a power failure. The most common requirement is 90 minutes, although some cities, like New York City and Chicago, have different requirements, allowing sufficient time for evacuation or until alternate power sources can be restored.

Placement and Coverage

Codes often outline the specific locations where emergency lights must be installed. These include exit signs along escape routes, at stairwells, in rooms with fire safety equipment, and in other critical areas. The codes may also specify the maximum distance between emergency lights to ensure adequate coverage and visibility.

Testing and Maintenance

Codes typically require regular testing and maintenance of emergency lighting systems. This may include monthly or annual testing of the lights, battery inspections and replacements, documentation of testing activities, and keeping maintenance records.

Compliance and Certification

Codes may require that emergency lighting systems meet specific standards or be certified by recognized testing organizations. Compliance with these standards ensures that the emergency lighting systems are reliable and meet the necessary safety requirements.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements can vary significantly based on local regulations and building codes. It is essential to consult the applicable codes and regulations in your specific jurisdiction to ensure compliance with the requirements for emergency lighting systems. Local fire departments, building code officials, or safety professionals can provide guidance and assistance in understanding and meeting the specific code requirements in your area.

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emergency lighting Memphis

Emergency Lighting

We inspect and service emergency lights, ensuring occupants can evacuate safely in a power outage.

Fire Extinguishers

We install, inspect, and service fire extinguishers so you stay compliant and prepared for your next fire inspection.

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